8. Hill & angle starts

 Hill and angle starts


By now you should be improving your clutch control, gear changing and P.O.M, whilst also moving off from the side of the road smoothly and under control. Also you should be getting better with your anticipation,  awareness and planning with the road ahead and behind, including reacting to pedestrians and cyclists while you are driving.

Teaching strategy
On this lesson your instructor will instruct you as much as you need, as on previous lessons. The level of instruction given by your instructor will be at a level to suit you i.e. full talk through then reducing to either prompts or independent.

Lesson aims
The aim of today’s lesson is to learn how to hold your training vehicle on the clutch on uphill gradients using clutch control. This will improve your move off and stopping on uphill and downhill gradients. During this lesson you will be assessed on your general drive but your instructor will give you as much support as you need. 

Your objective will to be as independent as possible on incline and declines and, by the end of your lesson, be able to pull off at different gradients with little or no help from your instructor. Subject brief The key of today’s lesson is to move the vehicle uphill and downhill from a stationary position. You will also move away at an angle from behind a parked vehicle.
Uphill Start off using P.O.M/M.S.M routines.

In the Preparation you will need more biting point
on the clutch and more gas will also be needed as
your pulling off uphill,  this will give you the sufficient power needed to move away uphill slowly and smoothly ensuring the vehicle doesn’t stall.

When you release the handbrake if the vehicles rolls backwards slightly how can you correct the problem?

Answer - The clutch pedal is a little too low, so raise
it a £1 coin thickness till it no longer rolls back, then
to move slowly forward bring the clutch up a little
more, £1 at a time, as the engine and drive wheels
are engaged the vehicle will then move forward.
Downhill Start off with P.O.M/M.S.M routines.

In the Preparation you will need less gas! Let gravity do the work. Depress the clutch and select 2nd (1st gear if your instructor’s vehicle needs it) gear and find the biting point. 

Then set a little gas and release the handbrake.
As the vehicle rolls down the hill apply as much gas as needed. Steadily bring the clutch up, £1 at a time, applying more gas as you gently start to move down the decline.
Moving off at an angle Prepare your car as normal (P.O.M/M.S.M)

you may need a signal even if you think there is no one to benefit, remember always backup your intention. However never mislead with an early signal……..
Only Signal when there are no vehicles coming from behind you as the signal is for the oncoming vehicles as they will not be able to see you till you moved out from behind the vehicle in front of you.

When moving off at an angle it is harder to see and be seen so check your blind spot at least twice.
Remember you are moving off slowly so be prepared to give way to other vehicles that may approach. from behind. Use clutch control to keep your speed down until you have straightened your drive wheels by using the pull/ push method of steering.
Reflect and review

So remember your instructor is there to HELP you, so on your driving lesson if you have any uncertainties or need anything rewording or recapping to make things any clearer, just ask. 

Your training vehicle is fitted with dual controls and if necessary will be used throughout your lesson. These are there for your safety so we can step in to keep you safe. 

 So don’t worry if any issues arise, we will aid and guide you VERBALLY or PHYSICALLY.

Risk management

Physical control of your vehicle 

The aim is for you, the student, to have full control of this lesson as with previous lessons. You will be given full talk through on the new topic initially, hopefully reducing the support throughout the lesson.  Your instructor’s job is to analyse any faults that may occur and put them right. 

Talk about any issues that arise on the driving lesson and put them right.

● Fault identification.
● Fault analysis.
● Remedial action.

Level of instruction on your lesson

● Full talk through.
● Prompt.
● Independent.

End of lesson 

● Feedback at the end of your lesson. 
● Student’s responsibility during lesson and any improvements. 
● Plan for the next lesson.
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